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:: Volume 23, Issue 4 And 1 (supplement 2014) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2014, 23(4 And 1): 64-69 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of associated disorders in girls and boys with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder
Fatemeh Behzadfar * 1, Alireza Sarvari 2, Hamid Taherkhani 3, Ahmad Borjali 4, Seyyed Hassan Taghavi 5
1- Applicative Research Center for Public Health and Sustainable Development, North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences, Bojnourd, Iran
2- Children and Adolescent Psychiatrist, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran, Iran
3- Psychiatrist and Director of Guild of Rehabilitation Centers of mental illness, Tehran, Iran
4- Faculty Member of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
5- MSc of Clinical Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (5681 Views)
Background: Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common heterogeneous disorder in children. There is a significant difference between the ratio of boys to girls in referred samples to the pediatric clinic (10:1) and community samples (3:1) in children with attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder. It can be suggested that if gender plays a role in the incidence and the pattern of symptom's ADHD and associated disorders, therefore, it may lead to the lower reference of girls to the clinics.
Materials and Methods: 147 children and adolescents with ADHD from 5 to 17 years were evaluated by available sampling method. The clinical diagnoses of ADHD and co-morbid disorders were done in patients with psychiatric clinical interview and diagnostic test K - SADS.
Results: Associated disorders with ADHD in children referred to clinics were the same in both boys and girls. Girls with ADHD in compared with boys were not at greater risk for depression and anxiety.
Conclusion: Results showed that there is no difference between boys and girls with ADHD. ADHD in girls as well as boys can be caused dysfunction in various areas. Similar levels of risk associated disorders in boys and girls showed more similarities in other fields such as history of the disease, prognosis and clinical response to treatment.
Keywords: Attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), Gender differences, Associated disorders.
Full-Text [PDF 278 kb]   (951 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Experimental | Subject: psychiatry
Received: 2014/01/22 | Accepted: 2014/01/22 | Published: 2014/01/22
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Behzadfar F, Sarvari A, Taherkhani H, Borjali A, Taghavi S H. Comparison of associated disorders in girls and boys with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2014; 23 (4 and 1) :64-69
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Volume 23, Issue 4 And 1 (supplement 2014) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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