[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 28, Issue 1 (spring 2018) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2018, 28(1): 31-36 Back to browse issues page
The effect of aerobic training on anthropometric indices of obesity in male rats fed with high fat diet
Omid Yaghoobpour Yekani 1, Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani * 2, Maghsoud Peeri 3, Parvin Farzanegi 4
1- PhD Candidate at Exercise Physiology, Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2- Professor Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Central, Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran , m_azarbayjani@iauctb.ac.ir
3- Professor Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Central, Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
4- Associated Professor Department of Exercise Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Mazandaran, Iran
Abstract:   (561 Views)
Background: There are evidences that obesity is influenced by physical activity, but the daily nutrition can modify its effect. According to this, the aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of aerobic training on body compositions indices in male rats fed with high fat diet.
Materials and methods: In an experimental trial, 16 Wistar male rats were divided randomly to two groups, including aerobic training + high fat diet group and high fat diet without any aerobic training group. High fat diet was composed of 40% fat, 13% protein and 47% carbohydrate. The training protocol was in progressive form, thus exercise intensity was increased every week. The aerobic training included running at speed of 20 m/min in 1st week and reached to 25 m/min in 12th weeks. Waist circumference, chest circumference, Lee index were measured in first week, end of batten level, end of 6th and 12th weeks.
Results: Intake of high fat diet induced significant increase in the body weight, body mass index (BMI), Lee marker and waist to chest ratio (P=0.001). The aerobic training didn’t have any significant effect on the anthropometric markers of obesity.
Conclusion: The results showed the aerobic training couldn’t decrease body weight, and high fat diet induced negative impression. Therefore, it is recommended that aerobic training alone isn’t effective solution for reducing the weight gain caused by excess calorie intake.
Keywords: High fat diet, Aerobic training, Anthropometric indices.
Full-Text [PDF 253 kb]   (107 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Experimental | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2017/05/13 | Accepted: 2017/07/25 | Published: 2018/04/1
References
1. Acheson KJ. Carbohydrate and weight control: where do we stand? Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2004;7:485-92. [DOI:10.1097/01.mco.0000134376.08934.b5]
2. Hawley JA. Specificity of training adaptation: time for a rethink? J Physiol 2008;586:1-2. [DOI:10.1113/jphysiol.2007.147397]
3. Lott MP, Kriska A, Barinas-Mitchell E, Wang L, Storti K, Winger DG, et al. Impact of Lifestyle Strategies on Longer-Term Physical Activity and Weight. J Phys Act Health 2017;14:606-11. [DOI:10.1123/jpah.2016-0508]
4. Flegal KM, Graubard BI, Williamson DF, Gail MH. Cause-specific excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity. JAMA 2007;298:2028-37. [DOI:10.1001/jama.298.17.2028]
5. Bianchini F, Kaaks R, Vainio H. Overweight, obesity, and cancer risk. Lancet Oncol 2002;3:565-74. [DOI:10.1016/S1470-2045(02)00849-5]
6. Hart CM, Cuvier O, Laemmli UK. Evidence for an antagonistic relationship between the boundary element-associated factor BEAF and the transcription factor DREF . Chromosoma 1999;108:375-83. [DOI:10.1007/s004120050389]
7. Novelli G, Muchir A, Sangiuolo F, Helbling-Leclerc A, D'Apice MR, Massart C, et al. Mandibuloacral dysplasia is caused by a mutation in LMNA-encoding lamin A/C. Am J Hum Genet 2002;71:426-31. [DOI:10.1086/341908]
8. Duarte A, Hirashima M, Benedito R, Trindade A, Diniz P, Bekman E, et al. Dosage-sensitive requirement for mouse Dll4 in artery development. Genes Dev 2004;18:2474-8. [DOI:10.1101/gad.1239004]
9. da Rocha GL, Crisp AH, de Oliveira MR, da Silva CA, Silva JO, Duarte AC, et al. Effect of High Intensity Interval and Continuous Swimming Training on Body Mass Adiposity Level and Serum Parameters in High-Fat Diet Fed Rats. ScientificWorldJournal 2016;2016:2194120. [DOI:10.1155/2016/2194120]
10. Steenland K, Fletcher T, Savitz DA. Epidemiologic evidence on the health effects of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA). Environ Health Perspect 2010;118:1100-8. [DOI:10.1289/ehp.0901827]
11. Gollisch KS, Brandauer J, Jessen N, Toyoda T, Nayer A, Hirshman MF, et al. Effects of exercise training on subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue in normal- and high-fat diet-fed rats. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 2009;297:E495-504. [DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.90424.2008]
12. Bernardis LL. Prediction of carcass fat, water and lean body mass from Lee's nutritive ratio in rats with hypothalamic obesity. Experientia 1970;26:789-90. [DOI:10.1007/BF02232553]
13. Mason C, Xiao L, Imayama I, Duggan CR, Foster-Schubert KE, McTiernan A, et al. The effects ofseparate and combined dietary weight loss and exercise on fasting ghrelinconcentrations in overweight and obese women: a randomized controlledtrial. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2015;82:369-76. [DOI:10.1111/cen.12483]
14. Ghanbari-Niaki A, Jafari A, Moradi M, Kraemer RR. Short-,moderate-, and long-term treadmill training protocols reduce plasma, fundus, but not small intestine ghrelin concentrations in male rats. J Endocrinol Invest 2011;34:439-43. [DOI:10.1007/BF03346710]
15. Ross R, Despres JP. Abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and themetabolic syndrome: contribution of physical activity/exercise. Obesity (Silver Spring) 2009;17:S1-2. [DOI:10.1038/oby.2009.381]
16. Katzmarzyk PT, Leon AS, Wilmore JH, Skinner JS, Rao DC, Rankinen T, et al.Targeting the metabolic syndrome with exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2003;35:1703-9. [DOI:10.1249/01.MSS.0000089337.73244.9B]
17. Mifune H, Tajiri Y, Nishi Y, Hara K, Iwat S, Tokubuchi I, et al. Voluntary exercise contributed to an amelioration of abnormal feeding behavior, locomotor activity and ghrelin production concomitantly with a weight reduction in high fat diet-induced obese rats. Peptides 2015;71:49-55. [DOI:10.1016/j.peptides.2015.06.007]
18. Turek FW, Joshu C, Kohsaka A, Lin E, Ivanova G, McDearmon E, et al.Obesity and metabolic syndrome in circadian Clock mutant mice. Science 2005;308:1043-5. [DOI:10.1126/science.1108750]
19. Kohsaka A, Laposky AD, Ramsey KM, Estrada C, Joshu C, Kobayashi Y, et al. High-fat diet disrupts behavioral and molecular circadianrhythms in mice. Cell Metab 2007;6:414-21. [DOI:10.1016/j.cmet.2007.09.006]
20. de Araújo TV, Andrade EF, Lobato RV, Orlando DR, Gomes NF, de Sousa RV, et al. Effects of beta-glucans ingestion (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on metabolism of rats receivinghigh-fat diet. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2017;101:349-58. [DOI:10.1111/jpn.12452]
21. Yun Lu, Li H, Shen SW, Shen ZH, Xu M, Yang CJ, et al. Swimming exercise increases serum irisin level and reduces body fat mass in high-fat-diet fed Wistar rats. Lipids Health Dis 2016;15:93-121. [DOI:10.1186/s12944-016-0263-y]
22. Seo DY, Kwak HB, Lee SR, Cho YS, Song IS, Kim N, et al. Effects of agedgarlic extract and endurance exercise on skeletal muscle FNDC-5 andcirculating irisin in high-fat-diet rat models. Nutr Res Pract 2014;8:177-82. [DOI:10.4162/nrp.2014.8.2.177]
23. Oner-Iyidoğan Y, Koçak H, Gürdöl F, Oner P, Issever H, Esin D. Circulatingghrelin levels in obese women: a possible association with hypertension. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 2007;67:568-76. [DOI:10.1080/00365510701210186]
24. Arellanes-Licea Edel A, Baez-Ruiz A, Carranza MC, Aramburo C, Luna M, Diaz-Munoz M. Daily patterns and adaptation of the ghrelin, growth hormoneand insulin-like growth factor-1 system under daytime food synchronisationin rats. J Neuroendocrinol 2014;24:282-95. [DOI:10.1111/jne.12145]
25. Johansson K, Neovius M, Hemmingsson E. Effects of anti-obesity drugs, diet, and exercise on weight-loss maintenance after a very-low-calorie diet or low-calorie diet: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Am J Clin Nutr 2014;99:14-23. [DOI:10.3945/ajcn.113.070052]
26. Ross R, Despres JP. Abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, and themetabolic syndrome: contribution of physical activity/exercise. Obesity(Silver Spring) 2009;173:S1-2.
27. Carpenter KC, Strohacker K, Breslin WL, Lowder TW, Agha NH, McFarlin BK. Effects of exercise on weight loss and monocytes in obese mice. Comp Med 2012;62:21-6.
28. Tjonna AE, Lee SJ, Rognmo O, Stolen TO, Bye A, Haram PM, et al. Aerobic interval training versus continuous moderate exercise as a treatment for the metabolic syndrome: A pilot study. Circulation 2008;118:346 54. [DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.772822]
29. Haghshenas R, Jafari M, Ravasi A, Kordi M, Gilani N, Shariatzadeh M, et al. The effect of eight weeks endurance training and high fat diet on appetite regu‌lating hormones in rat plasma. Iran J Basic Med Sci 2014;17:237-43.
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Yaghoobpour Yekani O, Azarbayjani M A, Peeri M, Farzanegi P. The effect of aerobic training on anthropometric indices of obesity in male rats fed with high fat diet. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2018; 28 (1) :31-36
URL: http://iau-tmuj.ir/article-1-1370-en.html


Volume 28, Issue 1 (spring 2018) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 31 queries by YEKTAWEB 3731