:: Volume 27, Issue 3 (fall 2017) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2017, 27(3): 194-200 Back to browse issues page
Efficacy of music therapy on anxiety and diarrhea among patients with irritable bowel syndrome
Jinous Arvand * 1, Ashraf Sakhayi 2, Hooshang Jadidi 3
1- PhD of Consultation, Department of Psychology , jinusarvand@yahoo.com
2- MA of Consultation, Department of Psychology
3- PhD of Consultation, Department of Psychology
Abstract:   (1532 Views)
Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most prevalent disease worldwide and it is considered as a stress- related disorder. Currently, music therapy is used for many somatic and psychological disorders. In this study, we evaluated efficacy of music therapy on anxiety and diarrhea among patients with IBS. Materials and methods: In this quasi experimental study, 80 female IBS patients with age of 30-45 years were randomly assigned into two groups of intervention (n=40) and control (n=40). Two groups continued drugs prescribed by physician. Intervention group received music therapy in groups of 8-10 people. Immediately before and at the end of study, all patients fulfilled Beck anxiety inventory and were asked for frequency of diarrhea. Data were analysed by ANCOVA using SPSS-ver20 software. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Mean (± standard deviation) of anxiety score in intervention and control groups was 22.32±4.96 and 23.4±5.94 before study, which reached to 16.32±6.97 and 21.6±6.6 at the end of study respectively (p<0.0001). Mean (± standard deviation) of diarrhea frequency in intervention and control groups was 3.79±0.3 and 3.01±0.4 before study, which reached to 1.59±01 and 2.87±0.1 at the end of study respectively (p<0.0001). Conclusion: This study showed that music therapy is a useful technique on decreasing anxiety and diarrhea in IBS patients and improves quality of life of these patients. Keywords: Irritable bowel syndrome, Music therapy, Anxiety, Diarrhea.
Keywords: Irritable bowel syndrome, Music therapy, Anxiety, Diarrhea.
Full-Text [PDF 185 kb]   (268 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Quazi-Experimental | Subject: psychology
Received: 2017/01/16 | Accepted: 2017/02/22 | Published: 2017/09/20


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Volume 27, Issue 3 (fall 2017) Back to browse issues page